The mitochondrion is well known for its key role in energy transduction. However, it is less well appreciated that it is also a focal point of iron metabolism. Iron is needed not only for heme and iron sulfur cluster (ISC)-containing proteins involved in electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation, but also for a wide variety of cytoplasmic and nuclear functions, including DNA synthesis. The mitochondrial pathways involved in the generation of both heme and ISCs have been characterized to some extent. However, little is known concerning the regulation of iron uptake by the mitochondrion and how this is coordinated with iron metabolism in the cytosol and other organelles (e.g., lysosomes).